The Los Angeles County Museum of Art is caught in the middle of a legal and diplomatic dispute that has prompted Russian authorities to ban art loans to U.S. museums because of an American court decision in favor of the Jewish religious group Chabad.
The Russian cultural ban already has aborted one U.S. museum exhibition, forced the indefinite postponement of another, and could prevent LACMA from showing 38 artworks in a major exhibition on Islamic art set to open June 5.
Russia's actions are the result of a ruling in a U.S. District Court last summer that Russia must restore a trove of religious books and manuscripts to Chabad, a prominent international ministry based in New York City. Despite a U.S. law and diplomatic assurances to the contrary, Russian officials have said they fear art shipped to American museums could be seized as collateral.
LACMA spokeswoman Barbara Pflaumer said Tuesday that she could not comment on LACMA's efforts to assuage the Russians in hopes of securing the artworks; the situation "is incredibly fragile and we are doing our very best not to make waves," she said, adding that "Gifts of the Sultan: The Arts of Giving at the Islamic Courts" will take place with or without the pieces from Russia.
The ban has affected other prestigious art institutions. Four paintings that the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York had expected for a recent Cezanne exhibition and a current one on 19th century art were withheld by Russia, spokesman Harold Holzer said Wednesday. The museum has warned Russian museums that it won't send costumes for a planned touring exhibition on French fashion designer Paul Poiret unless the ban is lifted.
The J. Paul Getty Museum lost four Russian loans last fall, spokesman Ron Hartwig said, but was able to substitute pieces from its own collection for its "Imagining the Past in France, 1250-1500" exhibition.
In March, Russian authorities insisted that the Museum of Russian Icons in Clinton, Mass., pack up its "Treasures From Moscow" show, which had been on display since October, and send the works home four months before the exhibition's scheduled closing.
The Houston Museum of Natural Science had planned to open "Treasures From the Hermitage: Russia's Crown Jewels" last Friday; instead, it has been postponed indefinitely.
Attempts Wednesday to reach a Russian Embassy spokesperson were unsuccessful.
However, a U.S. State Department official said Wednesday that in "very high level" diplomatic discussions in Washington and Moscow over the last few months, "we have offered every reassurance we can … that works of art are safe" under a 1960s federal law that prohibits legal claims on artworks loaned to nonprofit cultural institutions in the United States. The official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because of the diplomatic sensitivities involved, said the National Gallery of Art in Washington and the Menil Collection in Houston also have been affected. The official said the State Department continues to seek the Russia's compliance with the ruling in the Chabad case.
The suit originated in Los Angeles in 2004, where Chabad, a branch of the ultra-Orthodox Hasidic movement that began in Russia during the 1700s, has an office. Last July, U.S. District Judge Royce C. Lamberth ended the nearly-six-year court proceeding by ordering Russia to return 12,000 books and manuscripts and 25,000 pages of rabbinic writings that are known as the Schneerson Collection. The sacred texts had been seized during the Russian Revolution and World War II.
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